Healthy Nutrition in Patients with Diabetes
Following a healthy eating plan and being active will help you reduce your blood glucose levels. You will have to learn to balance all the foods and drinks that you consume along with the medicine that you have been prescribed. You should know the wellness fitness nutrition what to eat, how much to eat and when to eat to keep the glucose level within the range that your doctor has indicated.
The diet should contain 50% carbohydrates, 30% fat and 20% protein. Imaginatively dividing the dish into 3 portions: 50% should contain vegetables, 25% of legumes or cereals and 25% of meats. This means that the patient with diabetes should not prepare or consume foods with a high content of white flour (4). Choosing bread and pasta made from whole wheat flour is not only much healthier, it will also help you better control the insulin your body produces.
Consume foods with healthy fats for your body, such as:
· Oils that remain liquid at room temperature such as canola and olive oil.
· Nuts and seeds.
· Fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel.
Use the types of oil mentioned above at the time of cooking. Avoid using butter, margarine, cream or butter.
Drink a lot of water. Avoid drinks with large amounts of sugar such as boxed juices, soft drinks, or energy drinks. Also, use a sugar substitute when you want to drink tea or coffee. Some people with diabetes need to eat at about the same time every day. Others may have a more flexible schedule regarding their food. Depending on the type of medication or the type of insulin you take for diabetes, you may need the same amount of carbohydrates at the same time every day. It may be the case that when you take your medicine and skip a meal, your blood glucose levels drop too low.
Consult your doctor about all the doubts you have regarding your diet.
Benefits of healthy nutrition
· In some cases, when the diet is appropriate, the dose of medication can be reduced, the diet can vary and the goals of the treatment can be adjusted.
· Reach your ideal or healthy weight, and thereby achieve control of the disease without compromising your health.
· Weight loss can be slow, but it is usually constant.
· Recommendations for a healthy diet
· Consult your doctor before consuming “light” foods.
· You should not skip meals. Meet your feeding schedules.
· Address those problems that prevent you from eating properly (dental problems and gastritis).
· Consume certain types of foods depending on your age, physical activity, weight, etc.
A healthy diet should be:
Enough: Able to replenish the energy expended.
Complete: Provides the necessary nutrients for your body.
Varied: Composed of many foods from different origins.
Balanced: Incorporates all the nutrients in the right proportions.
Safe: Food must be clean and its handling and storage must be in hygienic conditions.